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Ephemeral Bounty

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Copyright: April 2016
Trim: 7 x 10
Pages: 192 pp.
Illustrations: 59 illus., 20 maps

PAPER
978-1-60781-467-2
$45.00
Short

eBOOK
978-1-60781-468-9
$36.00

Ephemeral Bounty

Wickiups, Trade Goods, and the Final Years of the Autonomous Ute

Curtis Martin

Archaeology / American Indian Studies

The study of the last remaining Ute wickiups, or brush shelters, along with the historic artifacts found with them has revealed an understudied chapter of Native American history—the early years of contact with European invaders and the final years of Ute sovereignty. Ephemeral Bounty is the result of this archaeological research and its findings on the protohistoric and early historic Ute Indians of Colorado.

The Colorado Wickiup Project is documenting ephemeral wooden features such as wickiups, tree-platforms, and brush horse corrals that remain scattered throughout the mesas, canyons, and mountains of the state. Many date from after the arrival of European newcomers.

The project is unique in using the techniques of metal detection, historic trade ware analysis, and tree-ring dating of metal ax–cut wickiup poles to distinguish the Ute sites from historic Euro–American ones. Researchers have demonstrated that not all Utes left Colorado for the reservations in Utah during the “final removal” in 1881, as has been generally believed. A significant number remained on their homelands well into the early decades of the twentieth century, with new tools and weapons, but building brush shelters and living much as they had for generations.


Curtis Martin is a research archaeologist for Grand River Institute and Dominquez Archaeological Research Group, Inc., both in Grand Junction, Colorado. He is the Principal Investigator for the Colorado Wickiup Project, which received the 2014 Governor’s Award in recognition of the project.



Table of Contents:

List of Figures
List of Tables
Acknowledgments
Prologue

1. The Colorado Wickiup Project: Investigation of the Rarest and Most Fragile of Native American Sites
2. A Safer World in Woods Embraced: Ute Origins and Culture History 

3. Ephemeral Bounty: The Golden Years of the Protohistoric Era 

4. Gimme Shelter: Aboriginal Wooden Features 

5. Field Methodology for Expedient Wooden Feature Sites
6. Dating Aboriginal Wooden Features 

7. The Decker Big Tank Wickiup Village
8. The Pisgah Wickiup Village
9. The Ute Hunters’ Camp
10. Disappointment Draw Lodge 

11. Musick Lodge
12. The Tea House Wickiup

13. Future Directions and Proposed Research

Epilogue
Appendix A. Tree-Ring Dating Results from the Colorado Wickiup Project
Appendix B. The Aboriginal Wooden Feature Component Form: Samples of Blank and Filled-Out Forms
Appendix C. Quantifiable Aspects of the Colorado Wickiup Project’s Wooden Features
Appendix D. Consultation with Ute Tribal Members at the Tea House Wickiup References
Index


Praise and Reviews:

“A wealth of new data, written in a relaxed and readable style.”
—Michael Metcalf, Metcalf Archaeological Consultants, Inc.

“The study adds an important component to the late cultural history of the Colorado Utes, one that has almost escaped notice by white documentarians. It also provides a blueprint for the study of wickiups and related timber structures, one that has been honed by the team’s long-standing investigation in the field and that may be applied from Alaska to Patagonia—anywhere that people have built shelters at high altitudes.”
—W. Raymond Wood, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at the University of Missouri and author of A White-Bearded Plainsman

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