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War and Collapse

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Copyright: 2016
Trim: 6 x 9
Pages: 1500 pp.
Illustrations: 3 illustrations, 9 maps



War and Collapse

World War I and the Ottoman State

Edited by M. Hakan Yavuz with Feroz Ahmad

Middle East Studies

War and Collapse is the third volume in a series that covers the last years of the Ottoman Empire. It stems from a three-day international conference at which scholars examined the causes and consequences of World War I, with a focus on how these events pertained to the Ottoman state and society. Fifty-three scholars—both new and established—contributed to this collection, explaining what happened within the Ottoman Empire before and during WWI and how ethnic and national groups constructed these events to enhance their identities and promote their interests. The chapters provide insight into the mindsets of Ottoman peoples, showing how earlier events and circumstances set in motion Ottoman responses to the war and how continued conflict had devastating, irreversible effects on Ottoman society. What emerges is a comprehensive picture of the events, encompassing a wide variety of perspectives.

M. Hakan Yavuz is a professor of political science at the University of Utah. He is the coeditor of War and Diplomacy: The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878 and the Treaty of Berlin and of War and Nationalism: The Balkan Wars, 1912–1913, and Their Sociopolitical Implications.

Feroz Ahmad is chair of the Department of International Relations and Political Science at Yeditepe University in Istanbul. He is the author of several books, including The Young Turks and the Ottoman Nationalities: Armenians, Greeks, Albanians, Jews, and Arabs, 1908–1918

Table of Contents:

A Note on Transliteration
Introduction – M. Hakan Yavuz and Feroz Ahmad

Part I. The Origins of World War I and the Ottoman Road to War
1. Inside the Doomsday Machine: The Great Powers on the Eve of 1914 – Sean McMeekin
2. The Dilemmas of Young Turk Policy, 1914–1918 – Feroz Ahmad
3. The Policies of the Entente Powers toward the Ottoman Empire – Altay Cengizer
4. The Black Sea Raid of October 29, 1914, as a Foreign Policy Decision: Collusion or Necessity? – Gün Kut 

Part II. Ideas, Ideologies, and Human Agency
5. Young Turks, Old State: The Ontological (In)Security of the State and the Continuity of Ottomanism – Serhun Al
6. Nationalism in Function: “Rebellions” in the Ottoman Empire and Narratives in Their Absence – Ramazan Hakkı Öztan 

7. Revisiting Dominant Paradigms on a Young Turk Leader: Ahmed Rıza – Erdem Sönmez
8. Ottomanism and the Ottoman Vatan (1908–1918) – Behlül Özkan
9. Ambiguities of Turkism: Cultural and Intellectual Manifestations of Turkish National Thought – Umut Uzer
10. Beyond Jihad: Alexander Helphand-Parvus, Musa Kazım, and Celal Nuri on the Ottoman-German Alliance – York Norman
11.“Landscapes of Modernity and Order”: War and Propaganda in Ottoman Writing during World War I – 
Eyal Ginio

Part III. The War and the Ottoman Home Front
12. Greeks, Jews, and Armenians: A Comparative Analysis of Non-Muslim Communities and Nascent Nationalisms in the Late Ottoman Empire through World War I – Pamela Dorn Sezgin
13. The Exodus of Thracian Greeks to Greece in the Post–Balkan War Era –Ahmet Efiloğlu
14. A Last Toehold in Europe: The Making of Turkish Thrace, 1912–1923 – Ryan Gingeras
15. Call to the Rescue: World War I through the Eyes of Women – Serpil Atamaz
16. Ottoman Muslim Women and Work during World War I – Nicole A. N. M. van Os
17. Trading in the Shadow of Wars in a Doomed Empire – Aliye F. Mataracı
18. When a Military Problem Became a Social Issue: Ottoman Desertions and Deserters in World War I – Mehmet Beşikçi
19. The Military Origins of the Teşkilat-ı Mahsusa: The IMRO and the Ottoman Special Force on the Eve of World War I – Tetsuya Sahara
20. The Teşkilat-ı Mahsusa and World War I – Yücel Yiğit

Part IV. Armenian-Kurdish and Ottoman-Russian Relations
21. A Topography of Positions in the Turkish-Armenian Debate – M. Hakan Yavuz
22. Russian Military Mobilization in the Caucasus before World War I – Mustafa Tanrıverdi
23. Reclaiming the Homeland: The Caucasus-Oriented Activities 
of Ottoman Circassians during and after World War I – Georgy Chochiev
24. The Armenian Question or the Eastern Question? -I Sevtap Demirci
25. A Last Attempt to Solve the Armenian Question: The Reform of 1914 – Ahmet Şeyhun
26. The Bitlis Uprising before World War I – Tibet Abak
27. The Eastern Vilayets, 1909–1914: ARF-CUP Collusion, Russian Stratagems, and the Kurdish Menace – Garabet K. Moumdjian
28. The Eighth World Congress of the Dashnaktsutyun and Its Aftermath – Onur Önol
29. Cilicia: A Missed Opportunity in World War I – Justin McCarthy
30. Forced Migration of Ottoman Armenians during World War I: How Security Concerns Affected Decision Making – Kemal Çiçek
31. Modern Counterinsurgency Doctrine and the Ottoman- Armenian Population Reconcentrations of 1915–1916 – John Reed 

32. The Relations between the Ottoman State and the Armenian Patriarchate in Istanbul (1914–1918) – Ramazan Erhan Güllü
33. The Deportation of the Armenians and the Issue of Abandoned Properties in Kayseri – Oya Gözel Durmaz
34. Getting Away with Murder: Soghomon Tehlirian, ASALA, and the Justice Commandos, 1921–1984 – Christopher Gunn
35. Beyond Complicity: British Responsibility for the Massacres of Armenians in World War I – Tal Buenos
36. An Assessment of Armenian Claims from the Perspective of International Law – Şükrü M. Elekdağ
37. Political and Human Landscapes of Anatolia in American Diplomatic Correspondence after World War I – Hakan Özoğlu
Part V. The Balkans and World War I
38. From Ottoman to Mediterranean Empire: Italian Colonial Rule in the Dodecanese Islands and the Second Treaty of Lausanne – Valerie McGuire
39. A Reason to Break the Hague Convention?: The Habsburg Occupation Policy toward Balkan Muslims during
World War I – Tamara Scheer
40. Albania: The Struggle for Identity on the Eve of World War I – Olsi Jazexhi
41. The Jihad Fatwa in Bosnia and Herzegovina – Fikret Karčić
42. The Creation of the Serbian or Yugoslav State: The Historiography of Bosnia and Herzegovina on World War I – Edin Radušić

Part VI. Arab Provinces of the Ottoman Empire
43. The Arab Provinces of the Ottoman Empire before, during, and after World War I: From Muslim Empire to Colonial States – Peter Sluglett
44. Narrating Experiences of World War I: The Formation
of Arab Perspectives through Narration in Memoirs – Orçun Can Okan
45. Ottoman and German Imperial Objectives in Syria during World War I: Synergies and Strains behind the Front Lines – Hasan Kayalı
46. From Ottoman Lebanon to the French Mandate: The End of the “Long Peace”? – Francesco Mazzucotelli
47. Iran and World War I – Eric Hooglund 

Part VII. Memories and Legacies of World War I
48. The “Young Turk Zeitgeist” in the Middle Eastern Uprisings in the Aftermath of World War I – Alp Yenen
49. “Eternal Sunshine of an Obscure Mind”: World War I, the Imperial Collapse, and Trauma Management in the New Turkish Republic – Mehmet Arısan
50. Haunting Memories of the Great War: The Gallipoli Victory Commemorations in Turkey – Gencer Özcan and Özüm Arzık
51. Istanbul in the Early 1920s in White Russian Memoirs and Russian Sources – Kezban Acar
52. The Ottoman Question at the Paris Peace Conference (1919–1920) – Francesco Caccamo
53. Fragmentation and Unification of the Body in World War I – Senadin Musabegović


Praise and Reviews:

“In a field of growing interest, this volume will be useful for those wishing to learn more. It is by far the most compendious assemblage of relevant material.”
—Norman Stone, author of The Eastern Front 1914–1917

“This collection of new and old approaches reveals that there is still much to be said about World War I that requires an Ottoman angle. The field is richer because of this valuable addition to the scholarship.”
—Isa Blumi, author of Reinstating the Ottoman Empire

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