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The History of an 1890s Armenian Revolt
Justin McCarthy, Ömer Turan, Cemalettin Taşkıran
Middle East Studies
Sasun, a region of Anatolia formerly under Ottoman rule and today part of eastern Turkey, is frequently described as the site where, in 1894, the Turks massacred large numbers of Armenian Christians, with estimates ranging from 3,000 to 10,000 people. News reports at the time detailed that gruesome acts, including torture, had occurred at Sasun at the hands of the Ottoman army. The Ottoman Empire denied these allegations. A commission of European delegates sent to investigate the matter concluded that the news reports were highly exaggerated, yet the original stories of atrocities have persisted. This volume provides a close examination of the historical evidence to shed light on what happened at Sasun. The authors’ research indicates that the stories circulated by the media of torture and murder in Sasun don’t hold up against the findings of the European investigators. Evidence instead shows that an Armenian revolt led to fights with local Kurds and many fewer deaths, on both sides, and that the conflict had largely subsided before the arrival of the Ottoman army.
Justin McCarthy is professor of history at the University of Louisville. He has published eleven books, including The Armenian Rebellion at Van and The Turk in America (University of Utah Press, 2006; 2010.)
Ömer Turan is professor of history at the Middle East Technical University and author of The Turks in Bulgaria, 1878–1908 and Avrasya’da Misyonerler.
Cemalettin Taşkıran is professor of history at Kırıkkale University. He has published numerous articles on Turkish history and international relations.
Table of Contents:
List of Illustrations
A Note on Translations and Transliterations
2. Conflict in Sasun
3. Sasun in the Press
4. The Missionaries
5. Publicists for the Armenian Cause
6. The British and Others
7. The Commission I
8. The Commission II
Appendix A. The Hallward Report
Appendix B. The Testimony of Colonel Tevfik
Appendix C. Report of the Consular Delegates
Appendix D. The Hampson Report
Bibliographical Note: Modern Histories of Sasun
Praise and Reviews:
“The book is a serious, scholarly endeavor that...will be very useful for the scholars and public interested in Ottoman history, the Armenian problem and relations between different ethnic and religious groups. It stands above existing books dealing with the Sasun incident and similar events.”
—Kemal H. Karpat, Emeritus Professor of History, University of Wisconsin-Madison, and author of The Politicization of Islam and The Ottoman Past and Today’s Turkey