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Ground Stone Analysis (Second Edition)
A Technological Approach
Jenny L. Adams
A Copublication with Archaeology Southwest
Archaeologists define stone artifacts that are altered by or used to alter other items through abrasion, pecking, or polishing as “ground stone.” This includes mortars and pestles, abraders, polishers stones, and hammerstones, and artifacts shaped by abrasion or pecking, such as axes, pipes, figurines, ornaments, and architectural pieces.
The first edition of Ground Stone Analysis sparked interest around the world. In the decade following its publication, there have been many advances in scientific technology and developments in ethnographic and experimental research. The second edition incorporates these advances, including examples of international research that have utilized a technological approach to ground stone analysis. This study presents a flexible yet structured method for analyzing and classifying stone artifacts. These techniques record important attributes based on design, manufacturing, and use and are applicable to any collection in the world.
The methods presented guide quantitative and qualitative assessments of artifacts and assemblages. Recording forms and instructions for completing them will be available on the University of Utah Press’s open access portal at www.UofUpress.com. Ground Stone Analysis is an important, useful reference for any archaeological field worker or student who encounters ground stone artifacts and is interested in learning more about the people who used them.
Jenny L. Adams is a research archaeologist with Desert Archaeology, Inc., Tucson, Arizona.
Table of Contents:
List of Figures
List of Tables
PART 1: A Foundation for Research
1. The Groundwork
2. Grinding Technology and Technological Analysis
3. Resources for Modeling Tool Use and Technological Behavior
PART 2: Artifact Descriptions
4. Abrading, Smoothing, and Polishing Tools
5. Grinding and Pulverizing Tools
6. Percussion Tools
7. Hafted Percussion Tools
8. Spinning Tools
9. Perforating, Cutting, and Scraping Tools
11. Containers and Container Closures
12. Structural Stones
Appendix A: General Artifact Form
Appendix B: Handstone Form
Appendix C: Netherstone Form
Appendix D: Hafted Tool Form
Appendix E: Grooved Artifact Form
Appendix F: Perforated Artifact Form
Praise and Reviews:
“A highly readable and well-illustrated manual that offers a structured, yet flexible, method for analyzing and classifying ground stone artifacts from any archaeological context. It is hard to imagine how [Adams's] approach could be improved upon, and I anticipate this book will serve as a bible for ground stone analysis specialists for the forseeable future.”
—Journal of Anthropological Research
Praise for the first edition:
“Adams is to be commended for having produced a well-organized and thoroughly documented manual based on her own quarter-century of hard work and thoughtful deliberation. The book is worth careful study by anyone faced with description and interpretation of assemblages of stone artifacts whose forms were created or altered by grinding, abrading, or polishing.”