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Indigenous Ways to the Present

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Copyright: 2003
Trim: 7 x 10
Pages: 442 pp.
Illustrations: 125 illustrations, 30 tables

PAPER
978-0-87480-814-8
$30.00
Short

Indigenous Ways to the Present

Native Whaling in the Western Arctic

Edited by Allen P. McCartney

Anthropology of Pacific North America Series

Anthropology / Archaeology

The traditional pursuit of whales by Eskimo hunters, which continues to be practiced, is an activity in which humans interact directly with nature. To present-day urban dwellers, such association between people, animals, and the environment may seem exotic. But for the Iñupiat and Yupik peoples these relationships are important, vital pursuits.

A co-publication project with the Canadian Circumpolar Institute Press of the University of Alberta, this volume traces regional native whaling practices for the past 2,000 years. Contributions center on three themes: variation in whaling practices, Yupik and Iñupiat whaling traditions over time, and interactions with changing environmental conditions that include major climatic episodes as well as shorter perturbations. Emphasis is placed on the diversity of approaches to subsistence whaling. While the majority of contributions result from NSF-funded research, several other contributors are ethnographers and archaeologists who have carried out whale research in Alaska for many years. Also included are essays presenting Russian research along the western margin of the Bering Strait and the Bering and Chukchi seas.


Allen P. McCartney (1940–2004) was professor of anthropology at the University of Arkansas.


Contributors:

Herbert O. Anungazuk, National Park Service, Anchorage, Alaska
Valerie Barber, University of Alaska, Fairbanks
Barbara Bodenhorn, Pembroke College, Cambridge, UK/ Ilisagvik College, Barrow, Alaska
Lyudmila S. Bogoslovskaya, Institute of Cultural and National Heritage, Moscow, Russia
Harry Brower Jr., Department of Wildlife Management, Barrow, Alaska
Howard W. Braham, Oregon State University, Ashland
Stephen Braund, Stephen R. Bruand and Associates, Anchorage, Alaska
Mark S. Cassell, Minnetonka, Minnesota
Yvon Csonka, The University of Greenland, Nuuk, Greenland
Lev G. Dinesman, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
John C. Dixon, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Susan W. Fair, University of Arizona, Tucson
John C. George, Department of Wildlife Management, Barrow, Alaska
R. K. Harritt, University of Alaska, Anchorage
Carol Zane Jolles, University of Washington, Seattle
Mary A. Larson, University of Nevada, Reno
Allen P. McCartney, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Owen K. Mason, GeoArch Alaska, Anchorage
Craig Nicholson, University of Massachusetts, Amherst
Todd M. O’Hara, Department of Wildlife Management, Barrow, Alaska
James M. Savelle, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
Arkady B. Savinetsky, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow


Table of Contents:

Editor's Note
Contributors
Introduction ~ Allen P. McCartney and Roger K. Harritt

Environment and Environmental Change in the Western Arctic and Subarctic: Implications for Whaling ~ John C. Dixon
Re-examining Wales' Role in Bering Strait Prehistory: Some Preliminary Results of Recent Work ~ Roger K. Harritt
A Paleo-Geographic Preface to the Origins of Whaling: Cold Is Better ~ Owen K. Mason and Valerie Barber
Ekven—A Prehistoric Whale Hunters' Settlement on the Asian Shore of Bering Strait ~ Yvon Csonka
Secular Dynamics of the Prehistoric Catch and Population Size of Baleen Whales off the Chukchi Peninsula, Siberia: As Based upon the Study of Historical Whale Bone from Ancient Coastal Sites ~ Lev G. Dinesman and Arkady B. Savinetsky
Prehistoric Bowhead Whaling in the Bering Strait and Chukchi Sea Regions of Alaska: A Zooarchaeological Assessment ~ James M. Savelle and Allen P. McCartney
Ancient Whaling and the Biogeography of Bowhead and Gray Whales ~ Howard W. Braham
The Bowhead Whale Off Chuhotka: Integration of Scientific and Traditional Knowledge ~ Lyudmila S. Bogoslovskaya
Some Observations on the Influence of Environmental Conditions on the Success of Hunting Bowhead Whales Off Barrow, Alaska ~ John C. George, Stephen Braund, Harry Brower, Jr., Craig Nicholson and Todd M. O'Hara
Fall Whaling in Barrow, Alaska: A Consideration of Strategic Decision-Making ~ Barbara Bodenhorn
When Whaling Folks Celebrate: A Comparison of Tradition and Experience in Two Bering Sea Whaling Communities ~ Carol Zane Jolles
Festival and Tradition: The Whaling Festival at Point Hope ~ Mary A. Larson
'Story of a Whale Hunt": Suzanne Rognon Bernardi's Photographs and Observations of Iñupiaq Whaling, Wales, Alaska, 1901–1902 ~ Susan W. Fair
Eskimo Laborers: John Kelly's Commercial Shore Whaling Station, Point Belcher, Alaska, 1891–1892 ~ Mark S. Cassell
Whaling: Indigenous Ways to the Present ~ Herbert O. Anungazuk


Praise and Reviews:

"This is an important book and will have a long-term impact on the field. The papers by cultural anthropologists put whaling in the western Arctic in a social context."
—Herbert D. G. Maschner, series co-editor, Anthropology of Pacific North America

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