Skip to main content
view shopping cart

I Am Looking to the North for My Life

This item is only available through the the University of Utah Press secure online store. Please note, this online store is unrelated to the shopping cart on our site. If you wish to make a purchase from this store, items must be paid for separately and will ship separately from items in your shopping cart.

Continue Go Back

Add to Cart View cart

Copyright: 1991
Trim: 6 x 9
Pages: 184 pp.
Illustrations: 30 illustrations, 1 map


I Am Looking to the North for My Life

Sitting Bull, 1876–1881

Joseph Manzione

American Indian

What happened to the Sioux after Little Bighorn? In the winter of 1877, many escaped with Sitting Bull to Canada, precipitating an international incident and setting three governments at each other for five years. Resolution came only in 1881 with the demise of the buffalo herds in the Northwest Territories. Faced with starvation, the Sioux returned to the United States.

Relying upon primary source documents in both the United States and Canada, Manzione skillfully illustrates how two countries struggled to control a potentially explosive border situation while steadfastly looking the other way as a valiant culture came to its bitter fate.

Table of Contents:


1. "Peace Is Much More Fatal to Indians Than War": Initial Military Operations in Eastern Montana, 1876–1877
2. "In Another World, White Men, But Different from Any I Ever Saw Before...": The Sioux Seek Asylum in the Northwest Territories, Winter 1877
3. "A Dangerous Precedent": The Canadian Minister of the Interior Visits Washington, D.C., Summer 1877
4. "You Belong on the Other Side; This Side Belongs to Us": The Terry Commission Meets with the Exiled Sioux, Autumn 1877
5. "...These Reports Are Wholly Unfounded..." Rumors of Invasion and War, Winter and Spring 1878
6. "...When There Are No More Buffalo or Game, I Will Send My Children to Hunt and Live on Prairie Mice...": The Politics of Hunger, 1878–1880
7. The Return of the "Gall-Hearted Warriors": The Sioux Surrender, 1880–1881


Praise and Reviews:

“The compelling, suspensefully told story of the denouement to one of the American West’s most decisive encounters. It will fascinate historians and students of American Indian affairs as well as general readers.”
—Gone West

“Scholarly, yet lively reading.”
—Fort Worth Stockyards Gazette

“[A] remarkable book. Manzione’s diligently researched account of the Sioux hegira to Canada is, perhaps, the most comprehensive yet written, and is a noteworthy contribution to Sioux literature. An outstanding narrative that should be required reading for any student of the Sioux wars.”
—The Tombstone Epitaph

“A sensitive, well-documented account.”

“Succeeds admirably. A complex but thorough examination of government policies, American attitudes toward what was called “The Indian Problem,” national and international politics and ambitions, and the impact of strong but sometimes misguided personalities on history. A valuable study, a marvelous addition to any serious historian’s shelf.
—Western American Literature

“A noteworthy examination of this protracted but bloodless confrontation. Easily the most important account of the Sioux hegira to Canada. A deserved addition to Western Americana collections.”
—Pacific Northwest Quarterly

“Manzione does an exceptional job of comparing and contrasting American and Canadian frontier policies. Of particular interest in understanding Canadian policy decisions and Sitting Bull’s futile attempts to secure a permanent reserve for his people. A fine diplomatic study of U.S. and Canadian policies that contributed to the destruction of Sioux culture. Based on sound research and is persuasively argued. Both general and more serious readers will find the book worthwhile.”
—North Dakota History

“Valuable for scholars of comparative Indian policy. A commendable contribution to Native American history. It and similar studies will generate further reassessment of the complexities and uncertainties of North American Indian policy during the turbulent 1870s and 1880s.”
—American Indian Quarterly

“Manzione has produced an important comparative contribution to western and Indian history. Clearly written and enlivened by a large portfolio of photographs.”
—Montana The Magazine of Western History

“Goes a long way toward filling the gap in scholarship on this long-neglected episode. Successful as an insight into the American public’s concept of Manifest Destiny, and into the burgeoning diplomatic relations between a young Canada and a century-old Union.”
—Western Publications

“An informative, well-written account of an episode that placed a difficult burden on U.S.-Canadian affairs.”
—Rocky Mountain News

“Joseph Manzione relies upon primary source documents in both the United States and Canada, and skillfully weaves together narrative threads of domestic dispute, international diplomacy, and intrigue among the Sioux. It will fascinate historians and studies [sic] of American Indian affairs as well as general readers.”
—The Wisconsin Bookwatch

“Belongs in all collections of American and/or Native Amiercan history.”
—Library Journal

you wish to report:

Select the collections to add or remove from your search