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Art of the Warriors
Rock Art of the American Plains
James D. Keyser
American Indian / Archaeology
"We were about 350 warriors when we met the Snakes on the plains of the Eagle Hills. Both war parties made a great show of their numbers, and after singing war songs they sat down and placed their large shields before them. We did the same but our shields were not so many, and some had to shelter two men. Our iron-headed arrows stuck in their shields. On both sides several were wounded, but none lay on the ground. In those days such was the result, unless one party was more numerous."
—Sahkomaupee, Cree warrior, as told to British explorer David Thompson in 1787
In North America, Plains rock art is second only to that of the Southwest in richness, complexity, and diversity of content. Ranging from finely drawn polychrome shield-bearing warrior pictographs to crudely pecked abstract petroglyphs, the art includes the most sophisticated portraiture ever done by native rock artists. Panels include hunting scenes, family groups, supernatural beings, and battle scenes that can be read well enough today to identify who killed whom more than 150 years after the event. The art spans at least 5,000 years, with Archaic-period examples serving as some of the earliest well-dated art on the continent.
Art of the Warriors is the first book to fully address and reproduce art from this period. An acknowledged expert in the field, James Keyser has written a book exploring this fascinating art both for specialists and nonspecialists alike. Frequently, archaeology from the Plains has focused on the subsistence and technology of the previous inhabitants—what they ate, how they killed and processed their food, what tools they used. Missing, in this approach, are aspects of American Indian culture—including their religious and world views. Studying their rock art gives a partial glimpse into these aspects of their culture. Rich with color reproductions of the art, historical photographs of Plains Indians, and many first-person accounts, Art of the Warriors is a stunning introduction to Plains art and culture.
James D. Keyser is a regional archaeologist with the U. S. Forest Service, Pacific Northwest region. He is the author of several books including The Five Crows Ledger: Biographic Warrior Art of the Flathead Indians (University of Utah Press, 2000).
Table of Contents:
1. The North American Plains
Sahkomaupee and the Big Dogs
Land of the Warrior Artists: "Big Sky Country"
People of the Plains
2. Plains Indian Rock Art
Classifying and Dating Plains Warrior Art
Art Traditions of the Plains
3. Understanding Plains Rock Art
Ethnography and the Direct Historical Approach
Plains Warrior Art: A Humanistic Archaeology
Praise and Reviews:
"Art of the Warriors ranks as one of the few efforts in the rock art field to combine the technical expertise of a scholar with the discerning eye of an artist....A pioneering effort."
—Randy Korgel, principal investigator and archaeologist, Empirical Environment LLC
"The scholarship represented by the book is first class. The author [is] a recognized authority on rock art of the Plains and Columbia Plateau. His long record of insightful work on Plains Indian rock art speaks for itself."
—Mark Mitchell, Colorado Council of Professional Archaeologists