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Nuclear Waste Stalemate
Political and Scientific Controversies
Robert and Susanne E. Vandenbosch
Geology / Nature and Environment
Diminishing oil supplies, global warming due to use of fossil fuels, persistent strife in the Middle East, and increasing demands for energy have led to the search for additional energy sources. Many feel that a significant expansion of nuclear power will be necessary to meet projected needs. However, although nuclear power has been produced commercially for over thirty years, no country has yet found a permanent solution for the disposal of high-level nuclear waste. This book examines the complex political, legal, and scientific issues relating to the disposal of that waste.
The political controversies discussed here include the power of governors to veto placement of high-level nuclear waste repositories in their states, the use of incentives for spent-fuel acceptance, the use of Indian reservations as host sites, control of a Nuclear Waste Fund, and whether a state without a nuclear reactor should be required to accept spent fuel.
The scientific controversies discussed include monitored surface storage versus permanent geological disposal, burial above or below the water table, the probability of serious seismic and volcanic events, and long-term hazard assessment. This book is unique in its comprehensive discussion of the issues related to nuclear waste storage.
Robert Vandenbosch is emeritus professor of chemistry at the University of Washington and has published extensively in physics and chemistry journals and lectured widely throughout the world. He is co- author of Nuclear Fission.
Susanne E. Vandenbosch received her Ph.D. in political science from the University of Washington. Her research has been published in several political science journals.
Table of Contents:
2. Alternatives for the Management of Radioactive Waste
3. Overview of Legislative and Executive Actions Concerning High-level Radioactive Waste
4. The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982: Adoption of a Policy for the Disposal of Spent Fuel from Commercial Reactors
5. The Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1987
6. Attempts to Store Waste on Indian Reservations
7. Yucca Mountain as a Repository
8. The Energy Act of 1992 and Yucca Mountain Radiation Standards
9. The 2002 Approval of the Yucca Mountain Repository
10. Court Appeals
11. Transportation of Spent Fuel to Yucca Mountain
12. High-Level Nuclear Waste Disposal in Other Countries
Appendix A. Organizations Concerned with Nuclear Waste Issues
Appendix B. Principles Guiding Radioactive Waste Management
Appendix C. A Visit to Yucca Mountain
Appendix D. U.S. Secretaries of Energy
Appendix E. U.S. Department of Energy Guidelines for Repository Site Recommendations
Appendix F. Organizations Opposed to the Yucca Mountain Repository
Appendix G. Supporters of the Yucca Mountain Repository