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Finding the People Who Flaked the Stone at English Camp, San Juan Island

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Copyright: 2006
Trim: 6 x 9
Pages: 208 pp.
Illustrations: 59 figures, 73 tables

CLOTH
978-0-87480-850-6
$45.00
Short

Finding the People Who Flaked the Stone at English Camp, San Juan Island

Angela E. Close

Anthropology / Archaeology

Lithic analysis in North America traditionally has focused on bifacially retouched pieces, or bifaces. Angela Close contends that such an approach has ignored cores and debitage to the detriment of analysis.

At English Camp on San Juan Island, Washington, an earlier excavation (1950) kept the bifaces and discarded everything else, unstudied. Typically, the bifaces themselves have been used as type-fossils, allowing assignment of occupation to a chronological phase but serving little other purpose. North American lithic analysis has seen a move away from this approach and toward other aspects of lithic assemblages, yet the emphasis is still on the genesis of bifaces.

In this volume, Close uses a fine-grained study to critique American approaches to lithic analysis. Her approach is based on chaîne opératoire analysis, which applied here attempts to trace the life-histories of all artifacts in an assemblage from raw material procurement to discard and entry into the archaeological record. This approach is aimed explicitly at the people behind the artifacts.

Close’s final and likely controversial analysis is that women did a great deal of the tool manufacture at this particular site.


Table of Contents:

List of Figures
List of Tables
Acknowledgments

1. The Concept of the Chaîne Opératoire in Context
2. Methods of Description and Analysis
3. Raw Material Procurement: Cores
4. Creation of Blanks: Débitage
5. Selection and Shaping of Blanks: Retouched Tools
6. Selection of Unshaped Blanks: Scaled Pieces
7. Selection of Blanks and Shaping, Use, and Discard of Tools
8. The People Who Flaked the Stone at English Camp

Appendix. Flaked Stone Other than Crystalline Volcanic Rock

References


Praise and Reviews:

"An important work by one of the world’s leading experts in the study of lithic technology."
—William Prentiss, University of Montana

"A seminal and scholarly study of American approaches to lithic analysis. A highly precise and technical scientific study and persuasive discourse."
Midwest Book Review

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